Skull elongating is a practice that can be traced to modern tribes and ancient civilizations from around the world. Rituals involving body deformation amaze and intrigue the imagination of people in the modern world. In South America and South Africa we can still find tribes who practice skull deformation. The process involves placing boards around the still soft skull of a child and tie them with rope. The still growing skull of the child has nowhere else to grow but upwards.
While the origin of this practice is unknown, researchers have suggested that primitive tribes people might be mimicking a cranial features that are not native to human anatomy.
In the early 1900’s tribes people who were meeting advance technology for the first time worshiped the technology they saw and attributed their appearance to their gods and deities. These fanatical tribesmen developed into what we now call “Cargo Cults.” These tribes remade the machines they saw with primitive tools and worshiped them as idols. They believed they were in contact with higher beings and included into their culture whatever information they would absorb in between encounters.
This situation could be the same one responsible for the elongation of skulls in tribes from around the world. Perhaps there existed a race of being with elongated skulls who primitive men worshiped or thought highly of. Children’s skulls would be elongated to replicate the characteristics of a superior race in hopes to resemble someone they looked up to.
In Peru such skulls are plentiful. However, the skulls found here do not resemble typical elongated skulls. Some of these skulls have a cranial capacity of 2200 ccm while a typical human skull has a capacity of around 1600 ccm. Furthermore a typical human skull has cranial plates at the top of the head that finish closing after birth to allow the brain to develop quickly. Some elongated skulls found in Peru are missing these cranial plates making.
The elongated skulls found in Peru display characteristics that are not typical of normal artificially elongated human skulls. Some researchers believe these skulls are naturally elongated and belong to a race of people who existed in antiquity. The majority of elongated skull mummies found in Peru are buried in a fashion that suggest they were of royal decent or at least relevant people. Local Myth talks about an ancient race of people who created some of the most puzzling stone work in ancient Peru. The head banding practices of tribes today may be an effort by the people to honor their past and the rulers they looked up to.